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TEDxGUC Talk by Prof. Amir for the Prosthetic Limb Connecting with the Brain through Optical Sensor


Mind-Controlled Prosthetics is the title for the TEDx Talk


In this talk Prof. Amir was talking about the use of the optical whispering galley modes (WGM) cavities to construct a new electrical sensing interface between prosthetic limb and the brain.


The sensing element will detect the action potential signal in the neural membrane and the prosthetic limb will be actuated accordingly. The element is a WGM dielectric polymeric cavity. WGM based optical cavities can achieve very high values of sensitivity and quality factor; thus, any minute perturbations in the morphology of the cavity can be captured and measured.


The action potential signal will produce an applied external electric field on the dielectric cavity causing it to deform due to the electrostriction effect. The resulting deformation will cause WGM shifts in the transmission spectrum of the cavity. Thus, the action potential or the applied electric field can be measured using these shifts.


The action potential signal will be simulated through the use of a function generator and two metal electrodes. The sensing element will be situated between these electrodes to detect the electrical signal passing through. The achieved sensitivity is 27.5 pm/V in measuring the simulated action potential signal; and 0.32 pm/V.m-1 in measuring the applied electric field due to the passage of the simulated signal.


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